US Cities Mostly Likely to Get Hit by a Tornado (Part I)

Certain parts of the US are more prone to be hit by a tornado.

You can possibly guess that lots of the United States’ tornado activity take place in the appropriately named, “Tornado Alley.” Most of the land in the American Midwest is predisposed to be hit by tornadoes, particularly in the flat land of the Great Plains. 

Even though there is no real border to Tornado Alley, its core is situated in the states of Kansas, Nebraska, Oklahoma, and part of northern Texas. However, vast numbers of tornadoes can happen even in places such as the Dakotas, Colorado, and Florida.

According to studies, Tennessee is the state hardest hit by tornadoes. It can have over 70 in one day during peak season even though most of the state is not in the heart of Tornado Alley. Oklahoma comes in second place, with over 65 tornadoes touching down in one day. To be defined as a tornado, it has to touch the ground and be a convective cloud at the same time. 

The Plains and Midwest regions have the largest concentration of tornadoes on earth. Despite tornadoes happening on other continents, amateur storm chasers should research these locations to find their next tornado. Though, you should perhaps leave that to the pros.

Kansas City, Missouri

Though it shares a name with the state, Kansas City is really a big city in western Missouri. With a population of more than two million, the city’s infrastructure would be demolished in the event of being hit by a  tornado.

Nonetheless, the city and the surrounding parts see lots of less apocalyptic tornadoes a year. Straddling the border between Missouri and Kansas, it’s close to the epic center of Tornado Alley and has a huge chance of experiencing storm hits. Though, the Missourians appear to be proud of it. Kansas City even named its professional basketball team after what it is famous for: the Kansas City Tornadoes.


Best Temperatures for Parrots (Part III)

Finding the best temperature for your parrot ensures that they are comfortable and thriving.

Is Your Parrot Comfortable with The Temperature?

The best temperature for your parrot may be on the higher or lower end. However, the range is going to depend on numerous factors:

The Bird’s Weight

Real skinny birds have less subcutaneous fat and muscle on their bones to help them keep warm. Skinny birds might not be able to handle a really cold temperature like a bird that has more muscle mass. Also, obese birds are greatly prone to overheating and don’t do well in really hot weather compared to lower weight birds. 

The fatter the parrot, the less capability it has to deal with high temperature which has to make them be extremely prone to heat stress. Their fat layer functions as an insulator and it stops air movement in and out of the air sac. An obese parrot won’t have the ability to deal with sudden exposure to 85 degrees Fahrenheit temperature. On the other hand, a lean parrot could stand 90- or 95-degrees Fahrenheit with no problems.

Parrots and Cold Temperatures

At the point when the climate outside gets scary, it can be more than awkward for pet birds and their owners.

There is no perfect temperature as long as the birds are healthy and can acclimatize to that temperature. If you are going to let your bird travel with you this winter, begin preparing him at least 12 weeks ahead.

Their immune systems do not work well at sub-optimal temperatures. Also, their metabolism and digestive systems slow down during this time. They might get fluffed up, also using all their energy trying to trap warm air between their bodies and feathers to stay warm and stop eating.

Now you know all you have to know about parrots and the temperatures that are right for them. Here’s to keeping your bird healthy.

Best Temperatures for Parrots (Part II)

There are many ways you adjust the temperatures for your parrot.

Regulating Your Parrot’s Temperature

Provide Heat and Avoid Fumes

Numerous birds require warmth to stay healthy. When the weather cools off, they become fluffy, using all their energy to trap heated air between their feathers and their body.  Because of the nature of the respiratory system, exotic birds are quite sensitive to practically any fumes. If you have to keep them warm, make sure it is not with a heat source that discharges smoke and that it’s set to the best temperatures for parrots. 

Stop Exposure to Hot Sun

If your bird’s cage is already sitting in direct sunlight, the kindest thing you can do is to remove it to another cooler room, offer a shade cloth material, and don’t move your bird in the hottest part of the day. 

Offer Your Birds Enough Water

Most exotic birds get dehydrated easily. This is because of their little body size and fast metabolism. They have a very high-water requirement and can become dehydrated quickly. If you want to keep your bird healthy throughout winter and summer, give fresh drinking water daily.

Also, keep an eye on his or her daily water intake. Stressed exotic pets might pant and can lose moisture content through their mouths. For this very reason, they necessitate more water intake.

Setting Up A Sprinkler

During the hot months, you can put out a sprinkler once in a while to keep your birds cool or open the window a little or set a fan set to help move air on the bird. Allowing your bird to cool off keeps them at the best temperatures for parrots. 

Feed Them Very Well

Nervous birds might have a reduced craving for food which is typically the key issue faced by pet keepers in the wintertime. Try to offer your Parrot food particularly it’s favorite during bad weather. If possible, feed them through a syringe or hand feed them. 

It is critical to monitor their appetites to be sure that they are eating when they are unprotected in hot or cold weather. Pets burn more calories trying to adjust its internal temperature. Therefore, it is crucial you keep an eye on their feeding level.


Best Temperatures for Parrots (Part I)

Knowing the best temperature for parrots will guarantee that they are comfortable.

A good number of healthy parrots can deal with average room temperature during the day and night, notwithstanding, taking some precautions when necessary. It’s helpful to know what the best temperatures are for parrots to ensure that they are thriving. 

Is the weather too hot or cold? It is essential to know the ideal temperature range your pet bird needs to remain healthy. Most pet birds are comfortable with temperature among 65- and 85-degrees Fahrenheit. They are warm-blooded animals and basically originate from the temperate region.

Birds sustain their body temperatures more than humans. A pet bird has to work and eat more to keep normal body temperature. This is why your parrot will eat more when the weather is cold or during the wintertime and they shed in the summer when it’s warmer.

Signs That Your Bird Isn’t Comfortable with the Temp

Like A Puffball

Have you ever thought why birds fluff up, having a grumpy reaction, or look a little like a downy ball at times? The reason your parrot fluffs up is that something is wrong. This action is just one of the mechanisms birds use in making themselves warm by ensnaring pockets of warm air next to their skin. If your bird’s wings are drooping and the bird is holding his feathers out, it’s a sign that the temperature is on the high side. Adjusting the temperatures for parrots who look a little fluffy will ensure that they are comfortable again in no time. 

Your Bird is Panting and has Cold or Warm Feet 

If your bird’s feet feel very hot, it signifies that their internal body temperature is too high. Are the feathers situated close to the body and does the bird hold its wing as if he would like to fly? Does your bird breathe with its beak open? These are all signs that the temp is too high for your feathered amigo.

Parrot Tucked with Its Head Inside His Feathers

Birds will usually put his head down and tuck his beak into his breast feather when he’s cool. Also, a cold bird will shiver.


The Polar Vortex and Winter Weather

The connection between the polar vortex and winter weather has been linked. 

It is now apparent that there is a statistically critical link between the strength of the winter polar vortex, Siberian snow cover, and winter temperatures across a great part of North America as well as Europe and northern Asia.

By using a snow cover as a forecaster of the power of the winter polar vortex, this relationship is used to precisely predict winter temperatures. Other seasonal forecasts overlook the snow-polar vortex relationship and tend to focus just on ENSO to forecast large scale temperature patterns.

How the Polar Vortex Affects Regional Temperatures

The polar vortex is a quick-flowing stream of air that circles the North Pole in the winter months in the upper atmosphere, referred to as the stratosphere. Typically, when the polar vortex is strong, temperatures are mild in the mid-latitudes over the Eastern US and Northern Eurasia. When the vortex is weak, temperatures tend to be cold in the Eastern US as well as northern Asia and Europe.

Strong Polar Vortex

Strong is the usual state of the polar vortex. When the polar vortex is strong, this produces strong low pressure in the Arctic region. Since the pressure differs between the Arctic and mid-latitudes, air flows into low pressure and this confines the cold air to high latitudes close to the Arctic. 

Therefore, it is frequently mild across Europe, the Eastern US, and East Asia during wintertime when the polar vortex is strong. During strong polar vortex, the airflow is rapid and in a direction from west to east.

Weak Polar Vortex

When the polar vortex is weak, the airflow is fainter and travels north and south instead of west to east. This permits a redistribution of air masses where cold air from the Arctic goes into the mid-latitudes and warm air from the subtropics is transported into the Arctic. This combining of air masses also favors more snow and storms in the mid-latitudes.

Health Advantages of Cold Weather (Part II)

Better sleep is one of the advantages of cold weather.

Lower Risk of Diseases

Sure, you may be more susceptible to catching a cold, but you’re in the clear for many viruses and diseases that are more widespread in warmer temps. Avoiding these dangerous diseases is one of the advantages of cold weather.  That’s because pesky mosquitoes hibernate during winter, which explains a decrease of mosquito-borne diseases such as West Nile virus, Zika, dengue fever, and malaria during the wintertime.

Better Sleep 

Your body’s core temp drops when you’re trying to sleep. This process can take over two hours in the heat of summer, though is way faster in winter. Also, one of the pluses of shorter days is darker mornings, so you can naturally sleep in later, no blackout curtains needed. Better sleep is always a plus and one of the major advantages of cold weather. 

Fight Infections

You might get more colds during the wintertime, but you are really better primed to kick your immune system into gear and fight the infection more efficiently. Research has shown that the human immune system can be activated when exposed to the cold. This improves someone’s ability to fight infections.

Rejuvenate Skin

Moderately cold temperatures can be good for the skin’s health since it constrains blood vessels in the skin. This makes the vessels less predisposed to swelling and redness due to a reduction in blood flow. Plus, you tend to develop less oil and sebum in the winter, so you might have fewer breakouts. 

Heart Healthy

Cold weather can do your heart some good when you’re bracing it for your outdoor winter workouts. Cold weather makes working out a challenging and fun activity. The heart will need to pump more oxygenated blood to not only compensate for the activity but also to make sure that the body keeps a warm enough temperature to remain within balance and to avoid any dangers from a drop in temperature. Moreover, exercising in the wintertime makes the heart muscles stronger. Though, if you have heart disease, you must be cautious when exercising outdoors in the cold weather.


The Wild Weather of the United States


While every country has its extreme patterns, few can compete with the United States. As a nation with wild weather seemingly every month, it’s an intense place to live.

Some of these storms can be explained by the size and location of the USA. There is no denying that every region has its troubling seasons.

Below are some of the wild weather you can expect to see in the United States. If you know of any others, please leave us a comment to research.

Thunderstorms: Nature’s Fury

Thunderstorms are such frequent weather events that many people shrug them off. And yet, every second that ticks by, 100 bolts strike somewhere on the planet.

Despite how frequent they are, they create millions in property damage each year. Some areas, like Florida, see more strikes than some countries, let alone other states.

In addition to electrocution fears, the bigger threat is that fires can be ignited. Each bolt is roughly five times hotter than the surface of the sun.

Hurricanes: Wind, Rain, and Waves

For those living in Asian nations, hurricanes are called typhoons. A swirling mass of winds, thunderclouds, and heavy waves creates the perfect storm.

Because these wild weather patterns hit hard and fast, people lose their utilities quickly. Unfortunately, this situation creates many opportunities for looters during each storm.

Local law enforcement is well aware of the trend. Looting means searching for “bail bonds near me” before too long.

Tornadoes: Swirling Wind Funnels

Tornadoes start as a stiff breeze before turning into a hungry funnel of death. While that may sound dramatic, it’s uncomfortably close to reality.

These wild weather events plague much of the center of the country, which is also nicknamed Tornado Alley. Tornadoes also fall into six categories from mildest (F0) to most extreme (F5).

Lighter storms generate wind speeds of 40 MPH, while devastating F5’s can blow at 300 MPH. When these winds strike a building, there isn’t much left behind.

Drought: Intense Heat and Dryness

Droughts prove to us that there is such a thing as too many sunshiny days. A drought can form from four primary sources, making them tricky to predict.

These wild weather events can occur from not enough rain to dwindling water supplies. These patterns often affect agricultural industries, as well as communities depending on local economies.

Because many factors are outside of human control, they can last a long time. It could be years that an area sits in a drought status before ever seeing improvement.

Blizzards: Frigid Walls of Ice

While a snow day feels nice, a blizzard does not. As the coldest wild weather event on the list, it’s also a deadly one.

Blankets of white above and below mean people can quickly get disoriented and exhausted. In addition to snow and ice, there are also strong winds to watch.

The northern regions typically suffer the most blizzards during the winter months. Despite how common they are, they can devastate communities each year.

How Dangerous are Tsunamis?

Tsunamis are very dangerous waves that have the power to demolish coastlines rapidly.

Envision playing by the ocean, when unexpectedly, the water drops. Where the water used to be, there are ribbons of seaweed and wriggling fish. What do you do? It might be the first sign of tsunamis.  

A tsunami is a long wave that’s shaped in the ocean when the seafloor moves abruptly. Most tsunamis occur due to huge earthquakes on the ocean floor. Others develop due to volcanoes, landslides, or even meteors going into the ocean. The reason for a tsunami can be far away, on the other side of the ocean. 

Numerous tsunamis are small. Though, they also can be huge, over 10 feet high or more. When the water rises that much, it moves powerfully and fast. Tsunamis are natural. But, when they reach people, they become disastrous.

Why are Tsunamis so Deadly?

Hard to detect and predict: This is because they have a very long wavelength and a small wave height offshore. For this reason, they can go unnoticed at sea, having only a little swell typically around 12 inches over the standard sea surface.

Speed and size: What makes these vast waves so deadly is because they increase in speed and height as they get to shallow water. Because of the high energy involved and the immense volumes of water, tsunamis can demolish coastal regions.

A tsunami can happen in any tidal state and even at low tide, it can still inundate coastal areas. Over 80% of tsunamis happen in the Pacific Ocean. Tsunamis are a common occurrence in Japan.

Landslides, earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, and other underwater explosions all have the power to trigger a tsunami. Scientists now use the word “tsunami” in favor of tidal waves. They have nothing to do with the tides.

Hopefully, with every tragedy, scientists can discover more about early detection and warning signs. The truth is:  when mother nature roars, we are at her mercy.

Health Advantages of Cold Weather (Part I)

There are many health advantages of cold weather.

There’s no doubt about it, wintertime can be tough on our wellbeing and bodies. But all isn’t bad. Read on to learn about some of the health advantages of cold weather.

Boosts your Brain

One of the health advantages of cold weather is that it can help folks think clearly. Research shows that folks complete tasks better when the room temperature is at a cooler setting than a warmer one. Moreover, research shows that people are less prone to tackle cognitive issues in the summer, as opposed to winter. This is because the summer uses more glucose that’s needed for mental processes. So, getting outdoors for a walk to a local coffee store in the winter can give you your next big idea for a work project.

Increases Brown Fat

Most fat in human beings looks white in color. Brown fat is the mitochondria-packed fat cells that burn energy and makes heat in the body. There was a time it was believed that just infants possess brown fat. However, studies have shown that adults have some brown fat. Folks with lower body mass index (BMI) usually have a higher content of brown fat. Research has shown that when males are exposed to colder temps, they have a raise in brown fat. Not to mention a corresponding boost in metabolism.

Improves Allergies

If you have outdoor allergies, there is good news. Pollen counts are practically nonexistent in snowy, cold weather. Though, if you have indoor allergies, you’re not in the clear. Dust mite and mold allergies can be worse during the winter, particularly if you’re spending more time indoors.

Lower Inflammation

Do you understand how ice packs are used to reduce pain and swelling after an injury? Well, you may notice your joints feeling less puffy and swollen in the winter. The cold air works like a natural ice pack to reduce inflammation.

Health Benefits of Walking in the Rain (Part II)

There are numerous benefits of walking in the rain.

You Are Boosting Your Immune System

One of the benefits of walking in the rain is boosting your ability to stay healthy. By exposing yourself to various temperatures and life outside of the home, you are acquiring a stronger immune system for the future. Often, folks usually catch colds in the winter since they keep themselves all cooped up. Don’t let the rain keep you from taking pleasure in the outdoors.

The Sound of Rain

Also, the sound of rain is a stress reliever. Sounds have a real deep effect on your emotional state. It is one of the senses that frequently gets overlooked. Perhaps leaving the earbuds or headphones at home this time and just listening to the rain will be the motivation you need to put you in a lively mindful state. 

Walks in the rain aid you in seeing things from a different perspective. Regardless if it’s the gloomy mood, darker lighting, or the reflection of streetlights in puddles, almost everything looks different on rainy days. This can help some folks see their issues, challenges, and other daily aspects in a different light. 

Be a Rebel

Sometimes you just need to bend the rules. Walking in the rain is a healthy and safe way to do so. Just make sure to wear correct temperature regulating gear and completely dry off once you are home so you don’t get sick.

Quick Tips for Walking in The Rain

It’s always thrilling to get caught in the rain suddenly. Though, your rain walks will be more comfortable if you plan ahead of time. Here are some tips to help you get the most benefits from walking in the rain:

  • Put on a jacket with a hood or grab an umbrella to keep your head from getting wet.
  • Wear waterproof footwear to avoid wet feet.
  • Sport a rain jacket and rain pants if you’d like to stroll in the rain but don’t want to get wet.
  • Make sure to completely dry off after your rain adventure and perhaps even treat yourself to a very relaxing, warming foot soak.